UNSC is one of the six principal organs of UN, charged with maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
Powers/Importance of UNSC:
- It has major role in appointing Secretary General and admitting new members to UN.
- It’s assent is necessary for election of particular individual as a Judge of International Court of Justice.
- Most important power of UNSC permanent members is that of VETO to General Assembly as well as Security Council resolutions.
- UNSC determines peace or war with regards to dispute between particular countries or collective UN action against one particular country.
- UNSC can impose sanctions, economic and military.
- Since its inception it has 5 permanent members, no changes have been made since them.
- Temporary members do not have any adequate powers.
- Permanent membership is not represented by Continents of South America and Africa.
- India, Japan, Germany are some of countries are regional powers in themselves, but they are not admitted to permanent membership even if they gather support from rest of the world.
- Veto power has been abused to safeguard interests of permanent five members rather than solving global issues.
- UNSC has been unable to prevent or end Iraq war, Afghanistan War and presently war in Syria and Yemen.
So reforms with regards to better/ wider permanent membership VETO and overall empowerment of UNGA should be initiated.