(i) Growing proximity of China-Nepal relations:
As per the recent transit treaty with China, Nepal has now secured transit rights for trade with third countries through the Chinese territory.
China’s activities have been steadily expanding in Nepal after Kathmandu’s support for OBOR materialized.
(ii) India was inevitably sucked into the internal affairs of its neighbors, including Nepal. The most recent case was India’s involvement in Nepal’s constitution-making.
(iii) Nepal and India have an open border where trade and business is prominent. No other
country in the region can allow free and unrestricted movement of people across their border as India and Nepal have done even after delineating the border more than 200 years ago.