Gainful employment refers to an employment situation where the employee receives steady work and payment from employer.
Issues in India :
- There has been increase in Informalization.
- Even government is recruiting staff on contract basis.
- Agriculture sector, where employees around 48% of workforce provides only seasonal employment.
- Even government initiatives like MGNREGA provide only limited number days employment.
- Unorganized sector dominates organized sector
Improving situation :
- Entrepreneurship among people need to be promoted through better policy implementations.
- Startups in agriculture processing and value addition should be promoted
- Organized sector should be strengthened and social security and income support be provided to unorganized sector.